## Sunday, July 11, 2010

### Java Increment and Decrement Operators

There are 2 Increment or decrement operators ->  ++ and --. These two operators are unique in that they can be written both before the operand they are applied to, called prefix increment/decrement, or after, called postfix increment/decrement.  The meaning is different in each case.

Example

x = 1;
y = ++x;
System.out.println(y);

prints 2, but

x = 1;
y = x++;
System.out.println(y);

prints 1

Source Code

`//Count to tenclass UptoTen  {  public static void main (String args[]) {    int i;    for (i=1; i <=10; i++) {        System.out.println(i);    }    }}`

When we write i++ we're using shorthand for i = i + 1. When we say i-- we're using shorthand for i = i - 1. Adding and subtracting one from a number are such common operations that these special increment and decrement operators have been added to the language. T

There's another short hand for the general add and assign operation, `+=`. We would normally write this as `i += 15`. Thus if we wanted to count from 0 to 20 by two's we'd write:

Source Code

`class CountToTwenty  {  public static void main (String args[]) {    int i;    for (i=0; i <=20; i += 2) {  //Note Increment Operator by 2      System.out.println(i);    }     } //main ends here}`

As you might guess there is a corresponding -= operator. If we wanted to count down from twenty to zero by twos we could write: `-=`

`class CountToZero  {  public static void main (String args[]) {    int i;    for (i=20; i >= 0; i -= 2) {  //Note Decrement Operator by 2      System.out.println(i);    }    }}`

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